Psoriasis. What is it ?
Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin condition. It is not contagious. Symptoms include red scaly patches on skin, itchiness and flaking of the skin. Psoriasis can also affect the nails and may cause arthritis (psoriatic arthritis). About 10 per cent of affected people have all three.
There is no cure for psoriasis, but it can be well controlled with treatment.
The cause of Psoriasis
Around 30 per cent of people affected by psoriasis will be able to identify relatives who have or have had psoriasis. A number of genes with psoriasis susceptibility have been identified recently.
Environmental events can trigger episodes of psoriasis in people with an inherited susceptibility to the condition. These may include:
- infections – such as tonsillitis
- medications – such as lithium, beta blockers, antimalarial and anti-inflammatory medication
- skin injury
- smoking can also make certain types of psoriasis worse.
Most triggering events remain unknown and there is no specific dietary advice for people affected by psoriasis.
Types of skin psoriasis
There a several types of skin psoriasis, including:
- Plaque psoriasis – the most common form
- Pustular psoriasis – a more severe form of psoriasis that can be painful
- Guttate psoriasis – found mostly in children
- Napkin psoriasis – characteristically seen in infants between two and eight months of age
- Flexural psoriasis – affects body folds and genital areas
- Erythrodermic psoriasis – a severe form requiring hospitalisation.
Symptoms of skin psoriasis
The areas that are most commonly affected are the scalp, elbows and knees, but skin psoriasis can occur anywhere on the body.
Symptoms of skin psoriasis vary from person to person. The effects may include:
- red scaly patches on scalp, elbows, knees and other parts of the body
- itchiness – however, many people do not feel itchy at all
- shedding of scales of skin.
Treatment for psoriasis
- coal tar preparations, cortisone alcipotriol and other prescription creams
- medications such as methotrexate, neotigason, cyclosporin and calcipotriol
- ultraviolet light therapy.